Some time ago I wrote about the similarities between Hinduism and Mystic Judaism.I thought that it might be interesting to look at the similarities and differences between Judaism’s ten commandments and the Hindu yamas (restraints) and niyamas (observances). I made a diagram, which is not very easy to publish on WordPress. The best I can do is make a pdf version available and insert an image. You will have to click on the image to see the whole thing, and possibly zoom in :
I have used solid lines where there is a direct connection or even equivalence, and dotted lines where there is some sort of relation. The crossing lines can be a little confusing, follow the horizontal line from a box as far as possible to a corner.
The red line marks a connection that is not direcly connected by the niyama. Worship of the Lord in Hinduism does permit the use of iconic images or murtis (see Icons not Idols). Hindu traditions see one God with lesser created God’s, equivalent to archangels, as I described in One God or many Gods, a Shaiva Perspective.
It is interesting to note that there are three of the Jewish commandments that only have indirect connections,
- “You shall have no other gods before me; You shall not make for yourself an idol”, as described above.
- “Remember the Sabbath and keep it holy”. I have connected this with the daily japa, on the basis that Hinduism does not generally see one day as holier than others. Different traditions have different holy days, Shaivas have Mondays and/or Fridays.
- “Honor your father and mother”, which has a link to vows, rules and observances as honouring parents is a duty. Though not in the yamas or niyamas honouring parents is likened to honouring God.
(You may freely use the chart and information on this post, though please reference this post).